Since the privatization of PHCN into GenCos, TransysisCo and DisCos at the end of 2012 Nigeria has not enjoyed seamless uninterrupted power supply. But Why?
The past Chairman of NERC, Dr. Amadi conceded that the present privatization was effected on a faulty model.
Therefore, if Nigeria and Nigerians wants seamless and uninterrupted power supplies, the present NESI structure will have to change.
Brand new power policies will have to be formulated and implemented.
- The Electricity Generation Policy of Nigeria is not in top form.
There is need to over-haul The Power Policy as it relates to Generation.
To expect a teaming population of 200 Million people to “share” an average of 3,000MW is not only ridiculous but sheer folly.
Nothing tangible will go on in such an economy. That should not be a brainer.
So which way forward?
[a.] The Federal Government, State Governments and invited Technical Partners will have to evolve a Generation Policy that will actualize the vision of generating at least 25,000MW within 5-years and upto 50,000MW within 10-years.
[b.] 6 Giant Combined Cycle-Steam Power Stations of 4,000MW each are urgently needed in the 6-geopolitical zones. The fuel will be gas and a maximum of 6-states per zone to form the Sub-Grid.
The hydro power ststions with the combined cycle steam power plants will feed the nation’s base(constant) load while the Gas Turbine Stations will only come in during peak period.
- The Transmission Policy : Though we presently have a centrally coordinated national grid, this will give way to 6-regional grids importing and exporting power on synchronizing with the national grid whenever necessary.
The 6 regional grids will tie-in and manage all power stations within its sub-region.
Going sub-regional will reduce losses, improve power quality( voltage profiles, frequency and power-factor) and optimize the MW available in each region.
The present 2 National Control Centers( Oshogbo & Shiroro) will give way to 6-NCCs.
- The National Distribution Policy :
Each state should have a State Electricity Board, licensing and supervising Distribution Companies in each State.
The SEBs will negiotiate annual power purchase contracts with the Power Stations in each sub-grid.
In a true federal system, the States runs their own distribution networks.
The Federal Govt will have no share, role nor give grants to any State licensed DisCo.
Each DisCo registers customers, supplies pre-paid meters and retail electricity to all end users in each State.
Post-paid customer service will only be available to industrial and corporate consumers.
All other customers must be serviced with Pre-paid Meters.
- [a.] There will be :
- only -1- National Regulator for standardization;
[b.] There will be -1- Market Operator, for the -6- Sub-Grids to confirm and settle power purchase agreements.
SEBs will sign bulk power purchase contracts with regional power stations(not the DisCos).
The state DisCos being many will reduce the chances of a single insolvent DisCo collapsing the electricity market( as Kano Electricity, KEDCO now threaten to do).
[c.] There will -6- System Operators, one each for 6 Sub-Grids.
To run the sub-grid, effect connections and synchronization on the grid.
No power system can or should be completely privatized because of its vital role to national security, economic prosperity and national industrialization.
The best(optimal) power policy will be a mixed of public-private partnerships in all tne sectors of the power system.
Engr. EWETUMO, Abraham Adebayo
0808 608 8822.